Tuesday, April 12, 2016

Russell Kelly Rebutts David Oyedepo on Tithing

Dr. David Oyedepo, Witty Thoughts: You can never have true freedom without financial freedom.

Russ: Really? So poor people cannot be happy and Jesus was wealthy. Whatever happened to the gospel?

David: …  as kingdom citizens our financial prosperity is tied to the COVENANT and one of such covenant which is the foundation for financial prosperity is in the kingdom is TITHING. 

Russ: Liar! HOLY tithing, as the term is used by Moses, Nehemiah, Malachi and Jesus, was only part of the Old Covenant of works (Mal 4:4; Neh 10:28-29).

David: I know someone is already saying oh not again. Don’t worry am not talking about tithing because I know we have heard so much about it. Moreover I will be talking about the blessings or benefits of tithing.

Russ: You are contradicting yourself.

David: Malachi 3:8-12. Yeah Malach.  8. Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.

Russ: By following the pronoun “you” from 1:6; 2:1, 13, 17; 3:8 the MINISTERS were stealing the Levites’ portion of the tithe as seen in 1:6-14 and Neh 13:5-10.

David: 9. Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.

Russ: Every priest (“you”) in the nation was guilty of abusing tithes and offerings. See 1:6; 2:1.

David: 10. Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house 

Russ: (1) This must be addressed only to the priests because the Temple in Jerusalem did not contain sufficient storage for all the tithe of the whole nation. (2) 98% of the Levites and priests remained at their cities most of the time. It illogical to bring ALL the tithe to the Temple.

David: Your tithe is not an admonition. It’s an instruction.

Russ: There were over 600+ “admonitions” or “commands” of God to Old Covenant Israel. Why do you harp on only one? In order to be blessed one must obey ALL of them according to Deut 27:26 and Paul Gal 3:10 --- or do you ever read those verses?

David: Verse 8 beginning said men have robbed God in their tithes and offerings and as a result of this these category of people are cursed. 

Russ: No, it says “you” which is a reference to dishonest thieving MINISTERS from 1:6; 2:1, 13, 17. It is not addressed to New Covenant believers who are not cursed per Gal 3:13.

David: This kind of curse is not the opposite of Abrahams blessing. It means WOE! You have made yourself vulnerable to attacks through this curse.

Russ: Born-again, Spirit-filled, adopted children of God cannot be cursed per Gal 3:13.

David: He will open the windows of heaven.

Russ: A reference to RAIN for crops inside God’s HOLY land of Israel. You twist the Scriptures for your own benefit.

David: He said prove me.

Russ: The whole law was a TEST – not simply tithing. Obey ALL to be blessed; break one to be cursed under it. God did not promise to bless tithers who broke other parts of his Law.

David: … that there shall not be room enough to receive it. Your house will be too small to receive His blessing.

Russ: Does this fit you? How many tithers does it fit? What percentage of tithers does it fit? Why are you trying to get New Covenant giving principles from the Old?

David: I will rebuke the devourer for your sake.

Russ: A reference to insects and draught which destroy crops.

David: One of the only place in the scripture where God said He will do something for you.

Russ: Wrong. God promises that He will justify, give grace, give faith, give peace, give patience, etc. etc. etc.

David: The devourer is not an it, it’s an activity on your finances.

Russ: Wrong. Where are your texts?

David: He will not destroy the fruit of your ground. The ground is anywhere you can be your job, academic, business, family, ideas. He said I won’t destroy it.

Russ: Another plain reference to crops; that is the literal context. Where are your texts?

David: Neither shall your vine cast her fruit.

Russ: Again a clear literal reference to crops.

David: Some people are involved in project that can never finish because they don’t tithe. Almost their but never there, that has been their experience. 

Russ: As important as you make tithing sound, one would expect it to be found almost everywhere in the N.T. after Calvary.

David: Check it, tithing is your way to the top.

Russ: You give Christianity a bad name. You devour widows’ houses and take that which they need to feed, house and care for their families contrary to Scripture. 1 Tim 5:8 But if any provide not for his own, and especially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

David: Please pay your tithe in your place of worship and see God decorate you with all these 7 fringe benefits or blessings. Have a blessed day.

Russ: (1) Do we only tithe food from inside Israel as God’s Word taught Hebrews? (Lev 27:30-34). (2) Do we tithe to greeters, deacons, choir members, musicians, etc as God’s Word commanded Hebrews? (Num 18:21-24). (3) Do we give only 1% to the MINISTER as God’s Word taught (Num 18:25-28). (4) Are tithe recipients not to inherit property or amass wealth as God’s Word commanded (Num 18:20).

Tuesday, April 05, 2016

2013 SBC Tithing Resolution Rebuttal

Houston, Tx

Reply by: Russell Earl Kelly, PHD, April 5, 2016



I.        On Tithing, Stewardship, And The Cooperative Program
Houston, TX - 2013


Kelly: Does anybody out there know what brought the necessity of this resolution to the Convention floor in 2013? Exactly to what was it a response or reaction? Matters like this are not simply brought to the floor for vote. Was there any discussion on the contrary? Where is it? Who gave it? Has this  been secreted away like the Position Paper on tithing?


II.  WHEREAS, Biblical stewardship is a generous response of loving obedience that constitutes an essential part of our worship of God (2 Corinthians 9:6–7);

Kelly: This is not being questioned. This is freewill sacrificial freewill giving as the texts clearly state.

III.  WHEREAS, Tithing predates the Law of Moses (Genesis 14:20; 28:22; Hebrews 7:2) and is affirmed in the Old Testament (Numbers 18: 21–24) as well as in the New Testament (Luke 11:42);

Kelly: Wrong. “HOLY tithing,” as the word is used by Moses, Nehemiah, Malachi and Jesus:
1.  Was not practiced by Abraham before the Law.
2.  The Bible does not tell us “why” pre-circumcised Abram tithed; it does not describe such as a commandment from God or a freewill decision.
3.       Abram and Jacob’s tithes would not have been accepted under the Law as HOLY tithes to Levites and priests for the service.
4.       Even though money (gold and silver) were common and required for some sanctuary payments, HOLY tithes were always only food grown/raised by Hebrews from inside God’s HOLY land of Israel which He miraculously increased. There are 16 texts which validate thin and none which describe HOLY tithes as income or anything else than food.
5.       Honest persons with integrity should limit their definition and use of HOLY tithes to that used in God’s Word by Moses, Nehemiah, Malachi and Jesus.

IV.      WHEREAS, The Scripture equates failure to tithe with robbing God (
Malachi 3:8);

Kelly: Malachi 3:8-10:
1.       Is in the context of keeping all 600-plus commandments, statutes and judgments of the Old Covenant (Malachi 4:4; Nehemiah 10:28-29).
2.       Is only addressed to Old Covenant Israel (Mal 1:1).
3.       Is then narrowly only addressed to “you” dishonest priests of Old Covenant Israel (Mal 1:6-14; 2:1-10; 2:13 to remainder).
4.       In context of “you” from 1:6; 2:1, 13 and 3:8-10, Malachi 3:10 refers to “every priest in the nation” who were cursed in 1:14 and 2:2.
5.       In context of Neh 10:28, 29 “prove me” from 3:10 includes all 600-plus points of the whole law per Deut 28 to 30 and Malachi 4:4. God did not obligate Himself to bless tithe-payers who transgressed other parts of His whole law.
6.       The church is never called a “storehouse” in the Bible:
A.  “Churches” are never buildings in the Bible.
B.       Church buildings were not legal for almost 300 years after Calvary.
7.       If Malachi 3:8-10 for the church, then so also should be 4:4 “Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments.”
8.       Malachi 3:10 must be included in Galatians 3:10 “For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.”

V.       WHEREAS, Christ affirmed the tithe (Matthew 23:23);

Kelly: Of course Christ affirmed the tithe:
1.       He did so while the Law was still in full jurisdiction (Gal 4:4, 5).
2.       He did so before He abolished the Old Covenant at Calvary.
3.       Christ would have SINNED if He had taught contrary to any of the Law, including tithing.
4.       Jesus commanded the people to obey the scribes and Pharisees because they “sit in Moses’ seat” as allowed by the people themselves.
5.       If Jesus had taught His disciples to accept tithes, He would have been sinning.
6.       If Jesus had taught Gentiles to tithe to the temple system, He would have sinned.
7.       Jesus commanded all Hebrews to observe all of the Law, not merely tithing. This is not done today.
8.  The SBC errs in teaching that Matthew 23:23 is in New Covenant post-Calvary context. They know better than to twist God’s Word in such blatant manner.

VI.      WHEREAS, Proportional giving of at least a tithe is expected by God throughout Scripture (Numbers 18:21–24; 1 Corinthians 16:1–2; Hebrews 7:2);

Kelly: Absolutely not!!!
1.       Since only Hebrew food-producers living inside God’s HOLY land were the only qualified tithe-payers, then there is no biblical precedent of a beginning level of giving at ten per cent. It is contextually and hermeneutically dishonest to say that “at least a tithe is expected by God throughout Scripture.”
2.       Jesus, Peter and Paul did not qualify as tithe-payers; the SBC and other tithe-advocates have no response to this Bible fact.
3.       There is no biblical precedent for tithes from outside HOLY Israel either from Hebrews or Gentiles.
4.       Therefore there is no biblical precedent for Gentile tithing – period.
5.       There is no biblical precedent for equating “firstfruits” with “tithes”:
A.       “First” does not mean “tenth.” Yet this is an extremely common misapplied Bible fact.
B.       Like HOLY tithes, “firstfruits” were also “fruit” or “food” or “firstborn” only from Hebrews living inside the HOLY land of Israel. C.          The SBC and powerful radio speakers ignore 1st Timothy 5:8 and demand that tithes be paid before essential bills are paid. “But if any provide not for his own and especially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.” This thievery is made possible by calling tithes “firstfruits.”
6. Numbers 18:21-24 told Hebrews to give tithes to the Levites;
A.       Levites were not the ministering priests.
B.       Levites were servants to priests.
C.       Since the SBC does not give tithes to the Levite equivalents: greeters, deacons, singers, musicians, janitors, builders, cooks, repairmen – it is dishonest to quote Numbers 18:21-24.
D.       Since the SBC does not limit gospel workers’ salary to 1% of the tithe (a tenth of a tenth) – it is also dishonest to quote Numb 18:21-24 and omit 18:25-28 (also Neh 10:38) which states that priests only received one tenth of the tithe.
E.       I Corinthians 16:1-2 is not used by the SBC to teach tithing and it is flagrantly dishonest to do so. The vast majority of tithe-advocates consign these verses to post-mandatory-tithe freewill giving.
F.       The post-Calvary teaching of the priesthood of every believer removes the purpose of tithes to support O.T. Levites and priests because O.T. priests were not commanded to tithe.

VII.     WHEREAS, Tithing is essential for Kingdom work through the local church and ministries around the world (
1 Corinthians 9:13–14); and

Kelly: Wrong again.
1.       First Corinthians 9:7-14 is a list of occupations and how each was supported.
A.       9:7 soldiers receive spoils of war
B.       9:7 vine workers eat grapes
C.       9:7 herdsmen drink milk from the herd
D.       9:8-9 threshing animals eat what they are threshing
E.       9:10-11 gospel workers deserve fruit from the gospel
F.       9:12 Paul refused his right of sustenance
G.       9:13 Law workers received from Law requirements
H.       9:14 gospels workers should be sustained from gospel principles of grace and faith --- not law.
2.       First Cor 9:13 is a poor verse to use to support tithing because it opens the door for all other kinds of Law-support included in the same text. It is a poor hermeneutic to withdraw only tithing from 9:13.
3.       First Cor 9:14 is culmination. The “even so” refers back to 9:7 and not just back to 9:13.

VIII.    WHEREAS, According to the Great Commission Task Force Report, Southern Baptists give just 2.5 percent of their annual income to the local church, demonstrating the need for Southern Baptists to teach and faithfully obey the biblical command to tithe;

Kelly: Neither a SBC Task Force nor any voting constituency has the authority to change God’s Word. In order to “teach and faithfully obey the biblical command to tithe”:
1.       HOLY tithes (as the term is used by Moses, Nehemiah, Malachi and Jesus) must only be food from inside God’s HOLY land of Israel.
2.       Recipients of the first Levitical 10% must only be church workers who are NOT ministers such as greeters, deacons, janitors, builders, repairmen, cooks, musicians, singers and treasurers as they were in God’s Word (Num 18:21-24; Neh 10:37a).
3.       Ministers of the Word would only receive one per cent (1%) of the Levitical tithe plus various other freewill offerings as they did in God’s Word (Num 18:25-28; Neh 10:38).
4.       Tithe recipients could  not own or inherit property or amass wealth as in God’s Word (Num 18:20+++).
5.       Ministers of the Word must learn trades and skills as they did in both O.T. and early church eras.

IX.      WHEREAS, The current economic climate and other factors have resulted in financial challenges for many of our churches and mission entities; WHEREAS, Faithful stewardship is a privilege and an honor for all Christians;

Kelly: The solution is not to teach error from God’s Word. The solution is to encourage church members to be burdened for the lost on the road to hell without Christ. Increased offerings will come when the church is evangelizing.

X.       WHEREAS, The Cooperative Program is funded solely by tithes, offerings, and gifts through the churches; and
WHEREAS, Cooperative Program giving from the churches has declined significantly from $548 million in 2007–2008 to $488 million in 2010–2011, reducing our support of missions and ministries by $60 million;

Kelly: This statement lacks a biblical precedent because not a single biblical tithe was ever used to proselytize non Hebrews – build mission stations and send out missionaries to non-Hebrews.

XI.      WHEREAS, Frank S. Page, president of the SBC Executive Committee, has challenged Southern Baptist churches to increase their Cooperative Program giving by at least 1 percent; now, therefore, be it

Kelly: This is acceptable as long as it does oppose biblical hermeneutics. The problem is, “If one is stealing by giving less than 10%, then is not Page endorsing stealing?”

XII. RESOLVED, That the messengers to the Southern Baptist Convention meeting in Houston, Texas, June 11–12, 2013, exhort all Southern Baptists to tithe cheerfully and give sacrificially as good stewards of God’s blessings to their local churches; and be it further

Kelly: This is a willful misuse of God’s Word. It uses terminology from freewill giving in 2nd Corinthians 9:7 such as “cheerfully” and “sacrificially” to refer to O.T. tithing which was neither. HOLY tithing was a commandment of the Law regardless of whether or not one was cheerful or wanted to give at all.  The commandment was very selective; it only applied to food producers living inside HOLY Israel. Tradesmen, artists, builders and non-food industry did not quality to tithe. Not even Jesus, Peter or Paul qualified at tithe-payers. It is no surprise why the SBC does not want to dialog on this subject.

RESOLVED, That Southern Baptists and Southern Baptist churches evaluate the faithfulness of their stewardship to financially support missionaries and ministries at home and abroad through the Cooperative Program and Great Commission Giving; and be it finally

Kelly: Nothing about “why” to financially support missionaries.

XIII.    RESOLVED, That we commend those who tithe faithfully in loving obedience to God.

Kelly: Baptist have come a long way since their beginnings in the mid-1600s in England. They have evolved from self-supporting pastors who severely criticized “hireling ministries” into
1.       Full time is preferable against Paul’s example
2.       Tithing of income increase is the standard even though it is not in God’s Word.
3.       SBC leaders are so afraid of the truth that they will not dialog with those who disagree.
4.       There are highly esteemed SBC theologians who disagree with tithing such as Andreas Kostenberger and David Black at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary.  S. E. President David Akin at that same institution is probably also in disagreement.
5.       The SBC’s Broadman Press published Tithing: Four Views which encouraged study of tithing at a higher level in SBC institutions. Why of no dialog is allowed?
6.       I challenge any and all SBC leaders to avail themselves to open dialog on the subject of tithing. The doctrine is really the result of faulty hermeneutics of biblical law.

Russell Earl Kelly

Saturday, March 26, 2016

Defending the Orthodox Friday Crucifixion Theory


By Russell Earl Kelly, PHD

Updated March 226, 2016

Note: If you disagree, don’t simply tell me I am wrong. Please write me a detailed rebuttal and cover every point as I would do with your article.  Thanks.

1.      Matthew 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Only once, in Mathew 12:40, the Bible records Jesus saying that He would be resurrected after “three days and three nights.” So the cry goes out “if this is not literally true, then Jesus is a liar. Absolutely no other explanation can be accepted.”

However, Matthew alone subsequently records SEVEN TIMES Jesus’ words that He would be resurrected “in three days” (26:61; 27:40), “after three days” (27:63) and “the third day) (16:21; 17:23; 20:19; 27:64).  Why, why, why do not these same people cry out saying the same words about these texts? --- “if these are not literally true, then Jesus is a liar”???

When Mark, Luke and John are added to Matthew’s list, a total of 17 (SEVENTEEN) statements of Jesus read “in three days; after three days” and/ or “the third day.” That 17:1.  Every word is inspired.  However, rather than reconcile all 18 references, those who insist on Matthew 12:40 (by their actions) teach that the 17 other quotations of Jesus are wrong.

In three days
After three days
The third day
27:63 (12:40 & 3 nights)
14:58 (within)


It is obvious from the above chart that “in three days,” “after three days,” “the third day” and even “three days and three nights” are all equivalent.” Matthew uses all four phrases for the same period. Mark. Luke and John have 10 (TEN) phrases among them and do not repeat Mathew 12:40 even once. The interval from Friday afternoon to Sunday morning is three days and three nights, by inclusive reckoning.

2.      INCLUSIVE RECKONING: The common mode of counting employed in the Bible is shown to have been inclusive reckoning, that is, counting both the first and the last unit of time in calculating an interval.  The following commentaries agree with the inclusive majority reckoning position: Adam Clarke; Barnes Notes; Jamieson, Fausset and Brown;  Mathew Henry; and The Bible Knowledge Commentary. The Wycliffe Bible Commentary takes the 72-hour position and Wilmington’s King James Bible Commentary is neutral.

3.      JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA: [This should not be ignored.] “A short time in the morning of the seventh day is counted as the seventh day; circumcision takes place on the eighth day, even though, of the first day only a few minutes after the birth of the child, these being counted as one day.” Vol. 4, p. 475.

Scores of contradictions would appear in both Old and New Testament if this principle were ignored –especially with the kings’ list of accession and regnal years in Kings and Chronicles.

4.      EGYPT, GREECE AND ROME: Inclusive reckoning was also used generally by other ancient nations.

(1) An EGYPTIAN inscription recording the death of a priestess on the 4th day of the 12th month relates that her successor arrived on the 15th, “when 12 days had elapsed.” Today, we would say that when 12 days had elapsed after the 4th, the date would be the 16th.

(2) The GREEKS followed the same inclusive method. They called the Olympiad, or the four-year period between the Olympic Games, a pentaeteris (five-year period), and used other similar numerical terms.

(3) The ROMANS also, in common usage, reckoned inclusively; they had nundinae (from nonus, ninth), or market days, every ninth day, inclusive, actually every eight days, as indicated on ancient calendars by the letters, A through H.

(4) TODAY our current musical OCTAVE (8) is actually only 7 notes long since the 7th note of one octave is the first note of the next octave.


5.      Genesis 17:12 A Hebrew boy was circumcised when “eight days old”, that is, “in the eighth day” (Levites 12:3).

Luke 1:59; 2:21 Similarly Luke speaks of circumcision “on the eighth day” or “when eight days were accomplished”. Evidently “when eight days were accomplished” does not mean eight full days from the date of birth, but eight inclusive.

6.      I KINGS 12:5, 12; 2 CHRONILE3S 10:5, 12 When, at the death of Solomon, Rehoboam was petitioned to lighten the tax burden, he told the people to depart “for three days” (1 Kings 12:5) and then return for his decision “after three days” (2 Chronicles 10:5). They came “the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day” (1 Kings 12:12; cf. 2 Chronicles 10:12).

7.      2 KINGS 14: 2, 17, 23  Jeroboam II of Israel succeeded his father Jehoash in the 15th year of Amaziah of Judah (2 Kings 14:23), and Amaziah “lived after the death of Jehoash … of Israel fifteen years” (2 Kings 14:17). A modern reader would mentally add 15 to 15, reaching Amaziah’s 30th year, yet Amaziah reigned only 29 years (verse 2). Inclusive reckoning is again the most logical explanation, since 15 years, inclusive, from the 15th year is the 29th, in which he evidently died.

87.    2 Kings 18:9-10. The siege of Samaria lasted from the fourth to the sixth year of Hezekiah, which is equated with the seventh to the ninth year of Hoshea, and yet the city is said to have been taken “at the end of three years.” In modern usage we would say two years, by straight subtraction. Obviously the Bible writer reckoned inclusively (years four, five, and six totaling three years).

8.      ESTHER 4:16; 5:1  Esther asked the Jews of Shushan to fast, and by implication, to pray, for her before she went in to the king unbidden, and then she approached the king “on the third day” (Esther 4:16; 5:1). Obviously a period of “three days” ended on the third day, not after the completion of the three days, as we would reckon it.

9.      JOHN 20:26 “And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.”

“After eight days” – not “seven days later” or “a week later”—means “the following first day of the week. This extremely evident use of inclusive reckoning is attested by the all eight commentaries at my disposal – including Wycliffe which supports the 72-hour theory: Adam Clarke; Barnes Notes,  Jamieson, Fausset and Brown; Matthew Henry; The Bible Knowledge Commentary; Wiersbe’s Bible Exposition Commentary; and Wilmington’s King James Bible Commentary.


The Hebrew lunar year is about eleven days shorter than the solar cycle and uses their own 19-year cycle to bring it into line with the solar cycle, with additional months every two or three years, for a total of seven times per 19 years. Even with this, the average Hebrew calendar year is longer by about 6 minutes and 40 seconds than the current mean tropical year, so that every 216 years the Hebrew calendar will fall a day behind the current mean solar year; and about every 231 years it will fall a day behind the Gregorian calendar year. When to add extra months was based on observation of natural agriculture-related events.

The system was gradually displaced by the mathematical rules used today. The principles and rules were fully codified by Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah in the 12th century. Maimonides' work also replaced counting "years since the destruction of the Temple" with the modern creation-era Anno Mundi.


According to, this is the sequence of events for the 72-hour crucifixion theory. It is true that Jewish months began at the first sighting of the new moon. While this did not affect the day of the week or the weekly Sabbath, it did affect the timing of all non-weekly holy days such as Passover, Firstfruits and The Day of Atonement. Passover always fell on the 14th day of the first month determined by the new moon and was always on a full moon. Since non-weekly holy days did not normally fall on the weekly Sabbath (one to seven chance), they were called High Sabbaths. Historically the Passover which followed Jesus’ crucifixion coincidentally also fell on the weekly Sabbath. However, the 72-hour-crucifixion theorists teach that Jesus was crucified in the middle of the week on a Wednesday and the Passover which followed was a Thursday High Sabbath.



(1) Jesus was placed on a cross at the 3rd hour of the day at 9 AM (Mark 15:25); darkness covered the earth between the 6th and 9th hours between 12PM and 3PM; He died at the 9th hour at 3PM on Wednesday, the preparation day for the High Passover Sabbath (Mt 27:45-46; Mk 15:33-34; Lk 23:44; Jn 19:14).

(2) Joseph bought linen and wrapped Jesus’ body (Mk 15:46; Mt 27:59; Lk 23:53; Jn 19:40).

(3) The women observed Joseph’s entombment (Mt 27:61; Mk 15:47; Lk 23:55). .


(4) PASSOVER, the 14th day of the first month, is determined by the first sighting of the new moon. Since it must be on a full moon, the odds are one in seven that it will fall on the weekly Sabbath day (Ex 12:1-6).

(5) “And they [the women] returned … (Luke 23:56a)
The 72-hour-theorists teach that there are 5 (FIVE) days and two Sabbaths involved in Luke 23:56 and 24:1. They returned home Wednesday before sunset
(6) [and rested Thursday during the High Passover Sabbath] (no texts!).


(7) “… and bought and prepared spices and ointments” Luke 23:56b [on Friday following Thursday Passover] (no texts)

(8) [and did nothing else all day Friday] (no texts)


(9) “… and rested [a second] Sabbath day [that week] according to the commandment” (Luke 23:56c).

(10) Jesus arises on the weekly Sabbath just before sunset exactly 72 hours after he was buried on Wednesday.



(10) The women come to anoint the body which is gone.            


(1) There is no proof that “preparation day” does not refer to the day before the weekly Sabbath in Mt 27:62; Mk 16:42; Lk 23:54 and John 19:14, 31, 42. One must reason in reverse in order to force the texts to refer to Wednesday rather than Friday. Neither Matthew, Mark, Luke, nor John mention or allude to more than one Sabbath.

(2) The fact that Joseph bought linen late on the day before the Sabbath proves that stores stayed open until the last moment. Sunset dates for Easter allowed for at least four hours of daylight before sunset.

(3) A plain simple literal reading of Matthew, Mark. Luke and John reveals that the women intended to anoint the body at the earliest possible time.

(4) Literal conservative Christians almost always reason from God’s Word outward and reject scientific methodology. Yet here some get their “proof” from a Naval Observatory. Even then they disagree about the exact year of Christ’s crucifixion. The odds are that sometime between 30 and 33 AD Passover fell on the weekly Sabbath.

(5) Matthew, Mark, Luke and John all say that the women rested on the Sabbath. None say that they rested TWICE that week as is taught by the 72-hour theorists.

(6)  This is fabrication to force God’s Word to agree with the 72-hour theory. The Bible does not tell us “when” the women bought their spices. Since there were about 4 hours between Christ’s death and sunset, there was time to buy them (as Joseph had done in Mark 15:46) before sundown on Friday.

(7) This is a very weak point in the 72-hour theory. If the women had bought their spices at the earliest opportunity on Friday following a Thursday High Sabbath Passover, they would have certainly gone directly to the tomb on that Friday to anoint the body. They would not have wasted all day Friday.

(8) This is another very weak point in the 72-hour theory. A very careful reading of the last two chapters of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John reveals nothing about a mid-week Thursday Sabbath, two preparation days, two Sabbath days and the women resting twice before finally reaching the tomb to anoint it.

(10) Common sense should alert the Bible student of error in logic.  It makes no sense to teach that the women would not go to the tomb after buying spices on Friday after a Thursday High Sabbath, yet they rush at the very earliest possible moment 3 ½ days after a Wednesday crucifixion to anoint the body on the following first day of the week. Why the great rush when there was no rush the preceding Friday?



Matthew 27:57 to 28:1

Matt 27:57-61 “When the even was come”
Joseph “took the body, wrapped it, and placed it in his own tomb” while the women watched 27:57-61). “Now the next day” (Saturday) the soldiers guarded the tomb (Mt 27:62-66). “In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week (Matt 28:1).


Mark 15:42 to 16:2

Mk 15:42-47 only adds that Joseph “bought fine linen.” The next verse, 16:1-2 says “And when the sabbath was past” the women came on “the first day of the week.”


Luke 23:54 to 24:1 reads “the preparation day” of “the Sabbath” (23:54). “The women returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment” (23:56). They returned “the first day of the week, very early in the morning.”

13.  72-hour theorists must conclude that either:

A. Jesus told the truth in Mt 12:40 and lied 17 other times.

B. Jesus lied in Mt 12:40 and told the truth 17 times.

C.      All 18 references are to the same time using inclusive reckoning as was common to Jews.

14.  “” errs when he says that the women bought spices on a Friday following a Thursday High Sabbath. This makes no sense. After buying spices they had the almost all of Friday to go to the tomb to anoint the body; thus it would have been unnecessary to rest during the weekly Sabbath!!! Think this through.

15. The argument that the women must have waited until Friday morning to buy spices has no biblical validity.

A.      All agree that Jesus died around 3PM. Passover is always a full moon.

B.      Passover (Easter) Sunset in Jerusalem this year is between 6:55 and 7:16. (Washington, GA is 6:43 PM, Wednesday, March 23, 2016).

C.      Therefore there was between 3 hours and 55 minutes to 4 hours and 16 minutes before sunset for Joseph to purchase the linen shroud and the women to purchase spices after Christ died.

D. According to Mark 15:45-46, after Joseph of Arimathea had received permission from Pilate to have the body, he “bought” the “fine linen,” removed and wrapped the body. This must have occurred Friday before sunset.

E. According to Mark 16:1 the women “had bought sweet spices”.  The 72-hour advocates state categorically that the women could only have bought their spices on Friday following a Thursday High Sabbath. This is not true. Like Joseph of Arimathea, they still had time to buy spices after seeing the tomb and before sunset Friday. As previously mentioned, if the 72-hour theory is correct, the women had all day Friday to anoint the body and would not have needed to do so on the first day of the week.

16.    Vallowe very seriously errs when he uses Daniel 9:27’s “in the midst of the week” to argue that it pointed to Wednesday as the day of crucifixion. This is horribly wrong!!! “Week” and “weeks” in 9:24-27 (6 times) are “weeks OF YEARS” --- not days of the week. Even worse, the reference in 9:27 is to ANTICHRIST, not Christ!!! “In the midst of the week” is 3 1/2 YEARS after ANTICHRIST makes his covenant with Israel in the last days. Vallowe is evidently not dispensational.

17.    Vallowe makes another error when he uses Leviticus 23:10-11 to argue that Christ arose on Sunday as the “firstfruits” of Pentecost –the 50th day after the second High Sabbath of Passover.

A.      This argument has no relevance to the 72-hour resurrection theory.

B.      This argument counters “BeyondToday’s” weekly Sabbath resurrection argument.

C.      The Passover Sabbath could fall on any day of the week – a full moon depending upon which day the New Moon began the New Month.

D.     Traditional interpretation (which I agree with) teaches that Christ was crucified on Friday when High Sabbath was also a weekly Sabbath.

18.    Vallowe errs when he categorically states that Jewish days are from 6 AM until 6 PM. In reality, even today Jewish days begin at sunrise and sunset which change every day.

19.    Vallowe greatly errs when he states that Jewish months are 28 days long. In reality, their months have always begun at the first sighting of the new moon and ends with no moon at all to be seen. Lunar months are 29.53  days long, or 29 ½ days long. Thus each Jewish year is 11.5+ days shorter than a solar year. Because of this Jews add extra days 7 times every 19 years to keep current. [In 2016 there are Adar I and Adar II beginning the year.] Yet Vallowe plays games with “28” to reach 1512 years from the Exodus (when most scholars only guess at the correct date).

CONCLUSION: It is far easier to reconcile “three days and three nights” using inclusive reckoning than to ignore the 13 texts which state that Jesus would rise again on the third day itself (and not “after the third day”).


A.      And the women “returned” home Wednesday before sunset …

B.      and rested Thursday the High Sabbath Passover day

C.      “and prepared spieces and ointments”  two days later on Friday

D.     and did absolutely nothing the remainder of that Friday

E.      “and rested the [weekly] Sabath

F.      but rushed to anoint the body following the weekly Sabbath


A.      [FRIDAY] They “returned and prepared spices and ointments” Friday evening before sunset

B.      [SATURDAY] “and rested the weekly sabbath day according to the commandment

C.      [SUNDAY] “and upon the first day of the week” rushed to anoint the body.

D.     Thus fulfilling 17 times Jesus promised to rise “the third day,” “on the third day” and “after three days.”