My book on SDAs has many long chapters about every aspect of the Sabbath.
Chapter 17: The Creation Sabbath
In Genesis 1 the first 6 days of creation had a beginning (evening) and an ending (morning) but the Sabbath did not. That is because God ceased creating and will not create again until Revelation 21:1-2. In other words, God is still resting and not creating on His original Creation Sabbath. This throws Sabbath-teachers into a fit.
Adam and Eve did not begin working the day after they were created either. They did not toil and suffer until after they sinned and we do not know how long that was. It could have been 10,000 years. And Sabbath-teachers do not know how to deal with this fact either.
Whenever they sinned their Sabbath rest ended.
Ch 18: Weekly Sabbath
For at least 2500 years the Sabbath is not mentioned until Exodus 16 where God restored it only to Israel. Why don’t Sabbatarians obey Exodus 16 and stay in their homes on the Sabbath?
NOTICE that He did not restore it to the Egyptians or anybody else! I say 2500 years because it could have been 10,000 plus 2500 years because you not start counting until sin entered. “The wages of sin is death” and they did not begin to die until they sinned.
The weekly Sabbath was only a memorial for Israel. In Exodus 20:2 and Deuteronomy 5 the Law first reminded Israel that God had redeemed them as a nation from Egypt. If God had wanted all men to keep the Sabbath, why did he not tell the Egyptians and Canaanites to observe it? This does not apply to us.
(1) The weekly Sabbath of Exodus 20 approves of slavery. (2) It also could not be observed in parts of the world where it is necessary to build fires for survival. (3) It could not be observed at the north and south poles where there is not sunrise and sunset for many months. And it could not be observed by astronauts circling the earth every few hours. (4) Sabbath-teachers violate their own law and should stone each other for violating the Sabbath as God commanded Moses. They do not obey the Sabbath when they cause others to work by a) driving, b) using electricity, c) using water, d) using gas to heat, e) flushing toilets and f) using the phone on the Sabbath. They condemn themselves as total hypocrites.
Ch 19: Shadows
Heb 4:3 For we which have believed do enter into rest …
Although Sabbath-keepers would greatly object, all Sabbath days (weekly, monthly, seasonal and yearly) were “shadows of things to come.” Before sin entered, while Adam was still sinless, he walked sinless with God 7 days a week 24 hours a day. Since Calvary and Pentecost the believer once again walks sinless with Christ 7 days a week 24 hours per day per Hebrews 4:3; this is imputed righteousness.
Acts 15:5 But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.
Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
Acts 15:10 Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?
11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.
Acts 15:19 Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God:
The Gentiles who had been saved under Peter’s preaching had not kept the Law, the Sabbath, circumcision, unclean foods or tithing. Nor were any of these placed upon them.
You noticed that your friend kept referring to Col 2:16 and Gal 4:10 without actually quoting them. He is afraid if you actually read the texts you would discover how clearly they refer to the 7th day Sabbath. Look at the sequence.
Col 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
Holy day: seasonal festival Sabbath
New Moon: monthy Sabbath
Sabbath: weekly Sabbath
Gal 4:9 But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?
10 Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.
Years: yearly Sabbaths
Ch 20: Greater Sabbaths
Sabbath-teachers teach that the 7th Day Sabbath was far greater than the monthly, seasonal and yearly Sabbaths. They greatly err. The 7th day Sabbath was actually the LEAST important according to Numbers 28 and 29 where it required the LEAST sacrifices. In fact the first Sabbath introduced as a day of worship was the Passover Sabbath in Exodus 13. Read it for yourself.
Ch 21: Jesus and the Sabbath
As a Jew living under the Law, Jesus came to perfectly keep that Law in order that He might perfectly fulfill that Law. Not only did he faithfully observe the 7th-day Sabbath, but he also perfectly obeyed the monthly, seasonal and yearly Sabbaths. They were all Sabbaths. Before Calvary it was sin NOT to keep the Sabbath but it was NOT SIN for Gentiles NOT to keep the Sabbath. Nowhere does the Old Covenant condemn Gentiles for not keeping the Sabbath. This is a very important chapter to read in my book.
Ch 22: Acts
As a Jewish rabbi with an open pulpit Paul took advantage of an open pulpit and always went first to the Jewish synagogue. He would have been stupid not to do so. In his shoes we would do the same thing. He did not go because of the commandment of the Old Covenant; he went because of the opportunity to preach. And, after being rejected by the synagogue leaders, he always very soon afterwards went to the Gentiles and preached to them EVERY DAY.
Ch 23: Liberty
Those Christians who teach that Sunday replaces the Sabbath in the Ten Commandments do not understand the doctrine of Law. SDAs and most Sabbath-teachers greatly err by teaching that “law” means “Ten Commandments.” Your article does this with Matthew 5:17. It totally ignores Mt 5:19-48 where the whole law is mentioned; it was also SIN to disobey the monthly, seasonal and yearly Sabbaths also.
Ch 24: USA
In all this goofy argument about Constantine, Sabbath-teachers ignore the Word which says that GOD ENDED THE SABBATH – not Constantine and not the Catholic Church.
Heb 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
2 Cor 3:9 For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
10 For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth.
Gal 3:19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Gal 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
Rom 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
SDAs teach that the Pope is the Antichrist and the mark of its authority is its change of the Sabbath. And they rejoice that the RC Church agrees with them, but that does not make it so.
Exodus 31:13-17 is a key text which Sabbath-teachers will not explain. The Sabbath was given to Old Covenant Israel as THE unique sign and seal of God’s special covenant with them only. Therefore it cannot at the same time be required of all people.
SDAs teach that the whole world will seek to kill them when the tribulation plagues fall and teach that the US government is the worst nation then. Thisis goofy theology.
When Jesus said that “the Sabbath was made for man,” He could have been referring to:
(1) Made for THE Jewish man per context.
(2) Made for THE man – Himself the Son of man.
Since the Greek has a definite article, I understand it to be saying “The Sabbath came into existence for THE MAN JESUS CHRIST, and THE MAN JESUS CHRIST did not come into existence for the Sabbath. In context Jesus (who created the Sabbath) had the authority to interpret how it should be observed.